1. Something about woods cues
Almost all cue manufacturers have always agreed that the maple’s shaft is the most suitable for woods cues. Once It uses birch, purple heart, and other woods as the shaft but there is no comparison.
Maple is more suitable for woods cues. People in Europe often use English ash as pool cue wood, and ash is rarely used on fancy cues.
There are two types of maple: Soft Maple and Hard Maple. Soft maple is not suitable for cutting. People divide Hard maple into two types: Sugar Maple and Two Black Maple.
Workers use the sugar maple to make the fancy cue, also known as Rock Maple, Hard Rock Maple or Canadian White Maple centipede. Sugar maple is distributed between North America and Canada, about north of New York, southern Michigan, and near Ontario and Quebec, Canada.
The material for the shaft of a good cue is produced in the northeastern United States (the junction of the United States and Canada). The texture of the pole is ash, and the texture of the pole is maple. Behind the cue is sandalwood.
Good pool cue wood is older. The selection of high-end cues is very demanding. A large tree with a height of several tens of meters only exists in the middle of the tree, and the wood between the bark and the heart of the tree is ideal. Because this part of the wood is scarce, it is precious.
The handle of high-end professional cues is sandalwood. Because sandalwood has very high hardness and high density, the weight of the same volume is much higher than maple and ash.
Therefore, the weight of the rear cue is moderate, which can make the front stick more elastic.
There are two types of hard maple wood grains. People use the straighter grains to make the shaft cut, while the other curved and bird’s eye grains to make the butt of the cue.
Workers should consider the following three basic requirements when making the hard maple before cutting: A, the texture must be straight B, the texture must be consistent C, and the texture must be tight.
A. The texture should be straight: if pool cue wood texture is very straight along the entire length of the shaft.
B. The texture should be consistent: For example, the wood texture is symmetrical and the spacing is consistent. A and B are the most basic requirements of most grain manufacturers for wood grain.
In particular, the length of 15 to 45 cm from the bottom of the head is one of the standard methods of selecting the wood. This method can prevent the shaft cut from turning after a while, and it is better to play.
C. Grain should be tight: For example, the wood texture of the front section should be closely arranged at the front section width. In the case of maple, the annual rings range from 4 to 32 annual rings per inch.
More annual rings indicate that the wood is older and grows slowly in the colder climate of the north. Yes, but at least 8 annual rings per inch can be used to make the shaft cut.
Most cue manufacturers believe that wood with tighter grains is usually denser and heavier, and the heavier shaft is lighter and the shaft is thicker. Hence, most cue manufacturers require the shaft weight to be at least 4 The ounce is heavy, but some pole manufacturers have objections.
They do not agree that a tight forward line will be hard, and a forward line that is too hard may not be good. It depends on the user ’s habit. But the only thing that is the same is that just A, straight B, and consistent wood can make good forward cuts.
The color of the forward cut ranges from close to white to light brown. Most of the shaft cuts are from the part of the tree core to the bark, not the part of the tree core.
The color of the forward cut wood will be affected by factors such as the growing environment, the cutting season and drying method, etc. Generally, the woodcut in summer may cause dark sugar lines, and it will be affected by high temperatures. This phenomenon will be more significant especially after cutting.
Besides, if the wood is often wet by rain after felling, the color of the wood will be darkened. Winter harvesting will avoid the above problems.
Quick dehumidification and vacuum drying are the best methods for treating wood in a short time. The drying method will not only darken the wood color but also damage the wood cell structure, which will eventually lead to poor quality and worse performance.
Some cue manufacturers believe that the whiter forward cutting wood is the result of proper felling and drying treatment. The white’s forefront is usually more popular among consumers.
But some operators do not think the forward cutting color is an important factor in selecting forward cutting.
The primary landscaping consideration of forwarding wood is neat and clear. Stripe, speck or other appearance defects will appear on most maples, but the impact on the real impact ability is small in terms of these defects.
However, these minor disadvantages will be covered by cue chalk, hand sweat, and hand oil after long-term use by users.
Besides, some cues choose the highest maple to meet the requirements of customers in the European market, the Asian market, and the US domestic market. (Some handmade cues have a pre-bid price of more than US $ 300.)
It grows slowly and only a small area of production in the northern climate is extremely difficult to obtain. This phenomenon will lead to two results. First, the consumer will pay a high price to obtain it. Second, the front-end wood with a slightly speckled texture will be selected.
5.1. Species of woods cues: Platanus centifolia cues
Platanus centifolia, produced in Europe and then introduced to the United States, Myanmar and other places as landscape trees. The logs are produced in Europe and later introduced to the United States, Myanmar, and other places. Workers collect the logs in Europe, which can be used as timber.
The logs have a large diameter, but they have many flaws. It’s difficult to obtain this material. The internal wood is yellowish or reddish.
Workers cut it through special angles. And the wood grain shows a snake-skin pattern, which is clear and delicate.
5.2. Species of woods cues: ash and maple cues
Ash and Maple, Ash is hard, while maple is more flexible. Most snooker cues are ash because the snooker table is large and the cue with high hardness is more stable when hitting long-distance balls.
We often use maple cues to play nine-ball. This is because the nine-ball table is relatively small, the ball is large and the speed is fast, and the hitting characteristics are different from snooker.
5.3. Species of woods cues: ebony cues
Sulawesi ebony, nicknamed Indonesian ebony, belongs to the striped ebony. People call it Ebony. Ebony has no special odor and taste, slow drying and easy cracking. Wood is difficult to handle with antisepsis.
This wood has a shiny and structured texture. Drying is slow, easy to crack and deform. Although the density of Indonesian ebony is a bit lower than African ebony, it is more stable than African ebony.
After making this material into a cue, it is no need to paint it. This cue has a strong oil absorption ability and feels good.